English common names of reptiles
Family Viperidae (Vipers)
Names of genera and species are listed alphabetically under their current scientific (Latin) name under Genus / Species. The recommended common name is listed under English common name. Alternative and previously used names are listed under Other common names. Some names are given in parentheses. The use of these should be avoided, either because the may lead to confusion with other species or because they are patronyms, matronyms, or eponyms (see explanatory note).


Genus / Species
English common name
Other common names
Adenorhinos Udzungwa Mountain Bush Viper
Adenorhinos barbouri Udzungwa Mountain Bush Viper
Udzungwa Short-headed Viper, Udzungwa Viper, Worm-eating Viper, (Barbour's Short-headed Viper, Barbour's Viper)
Agkistrodon American Copperhead and Moccasins
Agkistrodon bilineatus Southern Cantil
Common Cantil, Mexican Moccasin, Tropical Moccasin
Agkistrodon contortrix American Copperhead
Agkistrodon piscivorus Cottonmouth
Water Moccasin
Agkistrodon taylori Northeastern Cantil
(Taylor’s Cantil)
Atheris African Bush Vipers
Tree Vipers
Atheris acuminata Acuminate Bush Viper
Atheris broadleyi Lipondji Bush Viper
(Broadley's Bush Viper)
Atheris ceratophora Usambara Mountain Bush Viper
Usambara Bush Viper, Usambara Mountain Forest Viper, Horned Bush Viper
Atheris chlorechis West African Green Bush Viper
Western Bush Viper, Green Tree Viper
Atheris desaixi Mount Kenya Bush Viper
(Desaix's Bush Viper)
Atheris hirsuta Tai Hairy Bush Viper
Atheris hispida Rough-scaled Bush Viper
Prickly Bush Viper, Spiny Bush Viper, Bristly Bush Viper, (Hairy Bush Viper)
Atheris katangensis Katanga Bush Viper
Upemba Bush Viper, Shaba Bush Viper
Atheris mabuensis Mount Mabu Bush Viper
Mount Mabu Forest Viper
Atheris matildae Southern Tanzanian Bush Viper
Atheris nitschei Great Lakes Bush Viper
Sedge Viper, Black and Green Bush Viper, (Nitsche's Bush Viper)
Atheris rungweensis Mount Rungwe Bush Viper
Rungwe Leaf Viper, Rungwe Tree Viper
Atheris squamigera Southern Green Bush Viper
Variable Bush Viper, Leaf Viper, (Green Bush Viper)
Atheris subocularis Cameroon Bush Viper
(Fischer's Bush Viper)
Atropoides Jumping Pitvipers
Atropoides indomitus Honduran Jumping Pitviper
Atropoides mexicanum Central American Jumping Pitviper
(Mexican Jumping Pitviper)
Atropoides nummifer Mexican Jumping Pitviper
Atropoides occiduum Guatemalan Jumping Pitviper
Atropoides olmec Tuxtlan Jumping Pitviper
Olmecan Jumping Pitviper
Atropoides picadoi Costa Rican Jumping Pitviper
(Picado's Jumping Pitviper)
Azemiops Asiatic Mole Viper
Azemiops feae Asiatic Mole Viper
White-headed Viper, (Fea's Viper)
Bitis African Adders
Bitis albanica Albany Adder
(Eastern Many-horned Adder)
Bitis arietans Common Puff Adder
Bitis armata Southern Adder
Bitis atropos Cape Mountain Adder
Berg Adder
Bitis caudalis Horned Adder
Sidewinding Adder
Bitis cornuta Many-horned Adder
Hornsman Adder, Hornsman, (Western Many-horned Adder)
Bitis gabonica Gaboon Adder
Forest Puff Adder, (East African Gaboon Adder)
Bitis heraldica Angolan Adder
(Bocage's Adder)
Bitis inornata Plain Mountain Adder
Hornless Adder
Bitis nasicornis African Nose-horned Viper
Riverjack, (Rhinoceros Viper, Rhinoceros Adder, Rhinoceros-horned Adder, Nose-horned Adder)
Bitis parviocula Ethiopian Mountain Adder
Bitis peringueyi Namib Dwarf Sand Adder
Namib Dune Adder, (Peringuey's Desert Adder, Peringuey's Side-winding Adder, Peringuey's Adder)
Bitis rhinoceros Rhinoceros Viper
West African Gaboon Adder, (Rhinoceros Adder)
Bitis rubida South African Red Adder
Bitis schneideri Namaqua Dwarf Adder
(Schneider's Adder)
Bitis worthingtoni Kenyan Horned Viper
(Worthington's Viper)
Bitis xeropaga Desert Mountain Adder
Luderitz Dwarf Adder
Bothriechis Palm Pitvipers
Bothriechis aurifer Yellow-blotched Palm Pitviper
Bothriechis bicolor Guatemalan Palm Pitviper
Bothriechis lateralis Side-striped Palm Pitviper
Yellow-lipped Palm Pitviper
Bothriechis marchi Honduran Palm Pitviper
(March's Palm Pitviper)
Bothriechis nigroviridis Black-speckled Palm Pitviper
Bothriechis rowleyi Mexican Palm Pitviper
(Rowley's Palm Pitviper)
Bothriechis schlegeli Eyelash Palm Pitviper
Horned Palm Pitviper
Bothriechis supraciliaris Blotched Palm Pitviper
Bothriechis thalassinus Merendón Palm Pitviper
Bothrocophias Toad-headed Pitvipers
Bothrocophias campbelli Ecuadorian Toad-headed Pitviper
Bothrocophias colombianus Colombian Toad-headed Pitviper
Bothrocophias hyoprora Amazonian Toad-headed Pitviper
Amazonian Hognosed Pitviper
Bothrocophias microphthalmus Small-eyed Toad-headed Pitviper
Small-eyed Lancehead
Bothrocophias myersi Chocó Toad-headed Pitviper
Bothrops American Lanceheads
Bothrops alcatraz Alcatrazes Lancehead
Bothrops alternatus Urutu
Halfmoon Lancehead
Bothrops ammodytoides Patagonian Lancehead
Bothrops andianus Andean Lancehead
Bothrops asper Central American Lancehead
Bothrops atrox Common Lancehead
Amazonian Lancehead, South American Lancehead, Caicaca
Bothrops ayerbei Sotará Lancehead
Bothrops barnetti Northern Peruvian Lancehead
(Barnett's Lancehead)
Bothrops bilineatus Two-striped Forest Pitviper
Bothrops brazili Velvety Lancehead
(Brazil's Lancehead)
Bothrops caribbaeus Saint Lucia Lancehead
Bothrops chloromelas Inca Forest Pitviper
Bothrops cotiara Southeast Brazilian Lancehead
Bothrops diporus Chaco Lancehead
Bothrops erythromelas Caatinga Lancehead
Red and Black Pitviper
Bothrops fonsecai Rio de Janeiro Lancehead
(Fonseca's Lancehead)
Bothrops iglesiasi Sertao Lancehead
Bothrops insularis Golden Lancehead
Island Lancehead, Queimada Grande Pitviper
Bothrops itapetiningae Itapetininga Lancehead
(Sao Paulo Lancehead)
Bothrops jararaca Jararaca
Bothrops jararacussu Jararacussu
Bothrops jonathani Cochabamba Lancehead
Bothrops lanceolatus Martinique Lancehead
Bothrops leucurus Bahia Lancehead
White-tailed Lancehead
Bothrops lojanus Loja Lancehead
Bothrops lutzi Cerrado Lancehead
Bothrops marajoensis Marajó Lancehead
Bothrops marmoratus Marbled Lancehead
Bothrops mattogrossensis Mato Grosso Lancehead
Bothrops medusa Venezuelan Forest Pitviper
Bothrops moojeni Brazilian Lancehead
Bothrops muriciensis Murici Lancehead
Bothrops neuwiedi East Brazilian Lancehead
(Neuwied's Lancehead)
Bothrops oligolepis Peruvian Forest Pitviper
(Inca Forest Pitviper)
Bothrops osbornei Chimborazo Lancehead
(Osborne's Lancehead)
Bothrops otavioi Vitória Island Lancehead
Bothrops pauloensis Black-faced Lancehead
(Sao Paulo Lancehead)
Bothrops pictus Desert Lancehead
Bothrops pirajai Ilhéus Lancehead
(Piraja's Lancehead)
Bothrops pubescens Pampas Lancehead
Bothrops pulcher Andean Forest Pitviper
Dusky Lancehead
Bothrops punctatus Chocó Lancehead
Bothrops rhombeatus Cauca Lancehead
Bothrops roedingeri Huayuri Lancehead
(Rödinger's Lancehead)
Bothrops santaecrucis Bolivian Lancehead
Bothrops taeniatus Speckled Forest Pitviper
Bothrops venezuelensis Venezuelan Lancehead
Calloselasma Malayan Pitviper
Calloselasma rhodostoma Malayan Pitviper
Causus Night Adders
Causus bilineatus Two-striped Night Adder
Lined Night Adder, (Angolan Night Adder)
Causus defilippii Snouted Night Adder
(Defilippi's Night Adder)
Causus lichtensteini Forest Night Adder
Olive-green Viper, (Lichtenstein's Night Adder)
Causus maculatus West African Night Adder
Spotted Night Adder, Maculate Night Adder, Maculate Adder, (Forest Night Adder)
Causus resimus Green Night Adder
Velvety-green Night Adder, Green Viper
Causus rhombeatus Rhombic Night Adder
Common Night Adder
Cerastes Horned Vipers
Sand Vipers
Cerastes boehmei Crowned Sand Viper
Cerastes cerastes Sahara Horned Viper
Common Horned Viper, Greater Cerastes Viper
Cerastes gasperettii Middle East Horned Viper
Arabian Horned Viper
Cerastes vipera Sahara Sand Viper
Common Sand Viper, Lesser Cerastes Viper, (Avicenna's Viper, Lesser Horned Viper, Sahara Horned Viper)
Cerrophidion Central American Montane Pitvipers
Middle American Montane Pitvipers
Cerrophidion godmanni Guatemalan Montane Pitviper
(Godman's Montane Pitviper)
Cerrophidion petlalcalensis Petlalcala Montane Pitviper
Cerrophidion sasai Costa Rican Montane Pitviper
Cerrophidion tzotzilorum Tzotzil Montane Pitviper
Cerrophidion wilsoni Honduran Montane Pitviper
Crotalus True Rattlesnakes
Crotalus adamanteus Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
Crotalus angelensis Angel de la Guarda Speckled Rattlesnake
Crotalus aquilus Queretaro Dusky Rattlesnake
Queretaran Blotched Rattlesnake
Crotalus atrox Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
Crotalus basiliscus Mexican West Coast Rattlesnake
Mexican Green Rattlesnake
Crotalus caliginis Coronado Sur Island Rattlesnake
Crotalus catalinensis Santa Catalina Rattlesnake
Santa Catalina Island Rattleless Rattlesnake
Crotalus cerastes Sidewinder
Crotalus cerberus Arizona Black Rattlesnake
Crotalus culminatus Northwestern Neotropical Rattlesnake
Northwestern Middle American Rattlesnake
Crotalus durissus South American Rattlesnake
Neotropical Rattlesnake
Crotalus enyo Baja California Rattlesnake
Crotalus ericsmithi Southern Long-tailed Rattlesnake
Guerreran Long-tailed Rattlesnake
Crotalus estebanensis San Esteban Island Black-tailed Rattlesnake
Crotalus horridus Timber Rattlesnake
Crotalus intermedius Mexican Small-headed Rattlesnake
Crotalus lannomi Autlán Rattlesnake
Crotalus lepidus Rock Rattlesnake
Crotalus lorenzoensis San Lorenzo Sur Island Red Diamond Rattlesnake
Crotalus mitchelli Speckled Rattlesnake
Crotalus molossus Western Black-tailed Rattlesnake
Crotalus muertensis El Muerto Island Speckled Rattlesnake
Crotalus oreganus Western Rattlesnake
Crotalus ornatus Northeastern Black-tailed Rattlesnake
Crotalus polystictus Mexican Lance-headed Rattlesnake
Crotalus pricei Twin-spotted Rattlesnake
Crotalus pusillus Southwest Mexican Dusky Rattlesnake
(Tancitaro Dusky Rattlesnake)
Crotalus ravus Mexican Pygmy Rattlesnake
Crotalus ruber Red Diamond Rattlesnake
Crotalus scutulatus Mojave Rattlesnake
Crotalus simus Central American Rattlesnake
Crotalus stejnegeri Northern Long-tailed Rattlesnake
Crotalus stephensi Panamint Rattlesnake
Panamint Speckled Rattlesnake
Crotalus tancitarensis Tancitaro Rattlesnake
Crotalus tigris Tiger Rattlesnake
Crotalus tortugensis Tortuga Island Diamondback Rattlesnake
Crotalus totonacus Totonacan Rattlesnake
Crotalus transversus Cross-banded Mountain Rattlesnake
Crotalus triseriatus Mexican Dusky Rattlesnake
Crotalus tzabcan Yucatan Rattlesnake
Yucatan Neotropical Rattlesnake
Crotalus unicolor Aruba Rattlesnake
Aruba Dwarf Rattlesnake, Aruba Cascabel
Crotalus vegrandis Uracoan Rattlesnake
Crotalus viridis Prairie Rattlesnake
Crotalus willardi Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake
Cryptelytrops Oriental Pitvipers
Cryptelytrops albolabris Southeast Asian White-lipped Tree Pitviper
White-lipped Pitviper, White-lipped Bamboo Pitviper, Yellow-lipped Green Pitviper, Green Pitviper
Cryptelytrops andersoni Andaman Pitviper
(Anderson’s Pitviper)
Cryptelytrops cantori Central Nicobar Pitviper
(Cantor's Pitviper)
Cryptelytrops cardamomensis Cardamom Mountains Green Pitviper
Cryptelytrops erythrurus Red-tailed Pitviper
Red-tailed Bamboo Pitviper, Spot-tailed Pitviper, Burmese Green Pitviper
Cryptelytrops fasciatus Banded Pitviper
Cryptelytrops honsonensis Hon Son Pitviper
Cryptelytrops insularis Lesser Sundas White-lipped Pitviper
White-lipped Island Pitviper
Cryptelytrops kanburiensis Kanburi Pitviper
Tiger Pitviper, Kanburi Green Pitviper
Cryptelytrops labialis Southern Nicobar Pitviper
Nicobar Bamboo Pitviper, (Nicobar Pitviper)
Cryptelytrops macrops Big-eyed Green Pitviper
Large-eyed Green Pitviper, Large-eyed Pitviper, Large-eyed Bamboo Pitviper, Dark-green Bamboo Pitviper, (Kramer's Pitviper)
Cryptelytrops purpureomaculatus Mangrove Pitviper
Purple-spotted Pitviper, Shore Pitviper
Cryptelytrops rubeus Ruby-eyed Green Pitviper
Cryptelytrops septentrionalis Northern White-lipped Pitviper
Himalayan White-lipped Pitviper, Nepal Pitviper
Cryptelytrops venustus Beautiful Pitviper
Daboia Daboias
Daboia deserti North African Desert Viper
Libyan Desert Viper, Desert Viper
Daboia mauritanica Moorish Viper
Mograbin Viper, Algerian Viper, (Atlas Mountain Viper)
Daboia palaestinae Palestinian Viper
Daboia russelii Indian Chain Viper
Daboia, Seven-pacer, Tic-Polonga, (Russell's Viper)
Daboia siamensis Siamese Chain Viper
(Siamese Russell's Viper, Eastern Russell's Viper)
Deinagkistrodon Sharp-nosed Pitviper
Deinagkistrodon acutus Sharp-nosed Pitviper
Sharp-nosed Copperhead, Sharp-nosed Pitviper, Long-nosed Pitviper, Chinese Copperhead, Chinese Moccasin, Hundred-pace Pitviper, Hundred-pace Viper
Echis Carpet Vipers
Saw-scaled Vipers
Echis borkini Yemen Carpet Viper
Echis carinatus Common Carpet Viper
Echis coloratus Painted Carpet Viper
Arabian Carpet Viper, (Burton's Carpet Viper)
Echis hughesi Somali Carpet Viper
(Hughes' Carpet Viper)
Echis jogeri Mali Carpet Viper
(Joger's Carpet Viper)
Echis khosatzkii Dhofar Carpet Viper
(Khosatzki's Carpet Viper)
Echis leucogaster White-bellied Carpet Viper
Echis megalocephalus Big-headed Carpet Viper
Large-headed Carpet Viper
Echis ocellatus West African Carpet Viper
Ocellated Carpet Viper
Echis omanensis Oman Carpet Viper
Echis pyramidum Northeast African Carpet Viper
Egyptian Carpet Viper
Eristicophis Leaf-nosed Viper
Eristicophis macmahonii Leaf-nosed Viper
(McMahon's Viper)
Garthius Kinabalu Brown Pitviper
Garthius chaseni Kinabalu Brown Pitviper
(Chasen's Mountain Pitviper, Chasen's Pitviper)
Gloydius Mamushis
Asian Moccasins, (Asian Copperheads)
Gloydius blomhoffii Eastern Mamushi
Common Mamushi
Gloydius brevicaudus Short-tailed Mamushi
Korean Mamushi
Gloydius halys Central Asian Mamushi
Asiatic Pitviper, Asiatic Moccasin, (Halys' Pitviper, Pallas' Pitviper)
Gloydius himalayanus Himalayan Mamushi
Himalayan Pitviper, Brown Himalayan Viper
Gloydius intermedius Siberian Mamushi
(Central Asian Pitviper, Amur Pitviper)
Gloydius lijianlii Shandong Mamushi
Gloydius monticola Likiang Mamushi
Likiang Pitviper, Mountain Mamushi, Yunnan Mamushi
Gloydius shedaoensis Shedao Island Pitviper
Gloydius strauchi Tibetan Mamushi
(Strauch’s Pitviper, Strauch's Mamushi)
Gloydius tsushimaensis Tsushima Mamushi
Tsushima Island Pitviper
Gloydius ussuriensis Ussuri Mamushi
Ussurian Pitviper, (Amur Mamushi)
Himalayophis Tibetan Bamboo Pitviper
Himalayophis tibetanus Tibetan Bamboo Pitviper
Hypnale Hump-nosed Pitvipers
Hypnale hypnale Indian Hump-nosed Pitviper
(Merrem's Hump-nosed Viper)
Hypnale nepa Sri Lankan Highland Hump-nosed Pitviper
(Sri Lankan Hump-nosed Pitviper, Lorenz' Hump-nosed Pitviper, Millard's Hump-nosed Pitviper)
Hypnale zara Southwestern Sri Lankan Hump-nosed Pitviper
Lachesis Bushmasters
Lachesis acrochorda Chocó Bushmaster
Lachesis melanocephala Black-headed Bushmaster
Costa Rican Bushmaster
Lachesis muta South American Bushmaster
Common Bushmaster
Lachesis stenophrys Central American Bushmaster
Macrovipera Giant Vipers
Macrovipera lebetina Blunt-nosed Viper
Levant Viper, Levantine Viper, Kufi
Macrovipera schweizeri Milos Blunt-nosed Viper
Milos Viper, Cyclades Blunt-nosed Viper
Mixcoatlus Mexican Montane Pitvipers
Mixcoatlus barbouri Guerrero Montane Pitviper
(Barbour's Montane Pitviper)
Mixcoatlus browni Omilteme Montane Pitviper
Mixcoatlus melanurum Black-tailed Montane Pitviper
Black-tailed Horned Pitviper, Black-tailed Hog-nosed Pitviper
Montatheris Kenyan Montane Viper
Montatheris hindii Kenyan Montane Viper
(Hind's Montane Viper)
Montivipera Western Palearctic Mountain Vipers
Montivipera albicornuta Zanjan Mountain Viper
Zanjan Valley Viper, Zanjan Viper, Iranian Mountain Viper, Zigzag Mountain Viper
Montivipera albizona Central Turkish Mountain Viper
Kulmac Daglari Viper
Montivipera bornmuelleri Lebanon Mountain Viper
Lebanon Viper, (Bornmüller's Viper)
Montivipera bulgardaghica Taurus Viper
Bulgar Dagh Viper
Montivipera kuhrangica Kuhrang Mountain Viper
Montivipera kurdistanica Kurdistan Mountain Viper
Montivipera latifii Lar Valley Viper
(Latifi's Viper)
Montivipera raddei Armenian Mountain Viper
Armenian Rock Viper, (Armenian Viper, Radde's Rock Viper, Radde's Viper)
Montivipera wagneri Ocellated Mountain Viper
(Wagner's Mountain Viper, Wagner's Viper)
Montivipera xanthina Ottoman Viper
Coastal Viper, Rock Viper, Turkish Viper, Near East Viper
Ophryacus Mexican Horned Pitviper
Ophryacus undulatus Mexican Horned Pitviper
Eyelash Mountain Viper, Undulated Pitviper
Ovophis Kufah
Mountain Pitviper and allies
Ovophis convictus Indo-Malayan Mountain Pitviper
Malayan Brown Pitviper
Ovophis makazayazaya Taiwan Mountain Pitviper
Arisan Habu
Ovophis monticola Southeast Asian Mountain Pitviper
Montane Pitviper, Large-spotted Pitviper, Blotched Pitviper
Ovophis okinavensis Kufah
Hime Habu, (Okinawan Pitviper)
Ovophis tonkinensis Tonkin Pitviper
Tonkinean Pitviper
Ovophis zayuensis Zayuan Mountain Pitviper
Parias Malay Archipelago Pitvipers
Parias flavomaculatus Yellow-spotted Pitviper
Philippine Pitviper, Philippine Habu
Parias hageni Bangka Green Pitviper
(Hagen's Pitviper, Hagen's Green Pitviper)
Parias malcolmi Mount Kinabalu Pitviper
(Malcolm’s Pitviper)
Parias mcgregori Batan Islands Pitviper
(McGregor’s Pitviper)
Parias schultzei Palawan Pitviper
(Schultze's Pitviper)
Parias sumatranus Sumatran Pitviper
Grey-tailed Green Pitviper
Peltopelor Large-scaled Pitviper
Peltopelor macrolepis Large-scaled Pitviper
Popeia Bamboo Pitvipers
Popeia barati Barat Bamboo Pitviper
Sumatran Green Pitviper
Popeia buniana Fairy Pitviper
Tioman Pitviper
Popeia fucata Siamese Peninsula Pitviper
Thai Peninsula Pitviper
Popeia nebularis Cameron Highlands Pitviper
Popeia phuketensis Phuket Pitviper
Popeia popeiorum Northern Bamboo Pitviper
(Pope’s Bamboo Pitviper, Pope’s Green Pitviper)
Popeia sabahi Sabah Bamboo Pitviper
Sabah Green Pitviper, Sabah Pitviper
Popeia toba Toba Pitviper
Porthidium Hognose Pitvipers
Porthidium arcosae Manabí Hognosed Pitviper
Porthidium dunni Tehuantepec Hognosed Pitviper
(Dunn's Hognosed Pitviper)
Porthidium hespere Colima Hognosed Pitviper
Western Hognosed Pitviper
Porthidium lansbergii Colombian Hognosed Pitviper
(Lansberg's Hognosed Pitviper)
Porthidium nasutum Rainforest Hognosed Pitviper
Porthidium ophryomegas Slender Hognosed Pitviper
Porthidium porrasi White-tailed Hognosed Pitviper
Porthidium volcanicum Ujarran Hognosed Pitviper
Porthidium yucatanicum Yucatan Hognosed Pitviper
Proatheris Lowland Swamp Viper
Proatheris superciliaris Lowland Swamp Viper
Lowland Viper, Swamp Viper, Floodplain Viper, Eyebrow Viper, Domino-bellied Viper, (Peters' Viper)
Protobothrops Habus
Protobothrops cornutus Horned Tree Pitviper
Horned Pitviper, Fan-Si-Pan Horned Pitviper, (Smith's Horned Pitviper)
Protobothrops dabieshanensis Dabie Mountains Pitviper
Protobothrops elegans Elegant Pitviper
Sakishima Habu
Protobothrops flavoviridis Common Habu
Yellow-green Pitviper
Protobothrops jerdoni Spotted Mountain Pitviper
(Jerdon's Mountain Pitviper, Jerdon’s Pitviper, Oriental Pitviper)
Protobothrops kaulbacki Burmese Lance-headed Pitviper
(Kaulback’s Lance-headed Pitviper, Kaulback’s Pitviper)
Protobothrops mangshanensis Mangshan Pitviper
Protobothrops maolanensis Maolan Pitviper
Protobothrops mucrosquamatus Brown-spotted Pitviper
Chinese Habu, Pointed-scaled Pitviper, Taiwan Habu
Protobothrops sieversorum Three-horned Pitviper
Three-horned-scaled Pitviper
Protobothrops tokarensis Tokara Habu
Takarashima Habu
Protobothrops trungkhanhensis Trung Khanh Pitviper
Protobothrops xiangchengensis Kham Plateau Pitviper
Xiangcheng Lance-headed Pitviper
Pseudocerastes False Horned Vipers
Pseudocerastes fieldi Western False Horned Viper
(Field's Horned Viper)
Pseudocerastes persicus Persian Horned Viper
Eastern False Horned Viper
Pseudocerastes urarachnoides Spider-tailed Viper
Spiny-tailed Horned Viper
Sinovipera Sichuan Pitviper
Sinovipera sichuanensis Sichuan Pitviper
(Chinese Sichuan Pitviper)
Sistrurus Pygmy Rattlesnakes
Sistrurus catenatus Massasauga
Sistrurus miliarius North American Pygmy Rattlesnake
Trimeresurus Asian Lanceheads
Trimeresurus andalasensis Sumatran Palm Pitviper
Trimeresurus borneensis Bornean Flat-nosed Pitviper
Bornean Leaf-nosed Pitviper, Bornean Palm Pitviper, Bornean Pitviper, Palm Pitviper
Trimeresurus brongersmai Mentawai Palm Pitviper
(Brongersma's Palm Pitviper, Brongersma's Pitviper)
Trimeresurus gracilis Kikushi Habu
Trimeresurus gramineus Indian Green Pitviper
Indian Bamboo Pitviper, Indian Tree Pitviper, Common Green Pitviper 1802
Trimeresurus malabaricus Malabar Rock Pitviper
Malabarian Pitviper, (Rock Viper)
Trimeresurus puniceus Ashy Pitviper
Javanese Palm Pitviper, Flat-nosed Pitviper, Leaf-nosed Pitviper
Trimeresurus strigatus Horseshoe Pitviper
Trimeresurus trigonocephalus Sri Lankan Green Pitviper
Trimeresurus wiroti Peninsular Palm Pitviper
(Wirot’s Palm Pitviper, Wirot’s Pitviper)
Tropidolaemus Temple Pitvipers
Tropidolaemus huttoni Madurai Pitviper
(Hutton's Pitviper)
Tropidolaemus laticinctus Broad-banded Temple Pitviper
Tropidolaemus philippensis South Philippine Temple Pitviper
Tropidolaemus subannulatus North Philippine Temple Pitviper
Bornean Keeled Green Pitviper
Tropidolaemus wagleri Speckled Pitviper
Temple Pitviper, Chin-keeled Pitviper, Keeled Malaysian Pitviper, (Wagler's Keeled Green Pitviper, Wagler's Palm Viper, Wagler's Pitviper)
Vipera True Vipers or Adders
Vipera altaica Altai Viper
Vipera ammodytes European Nose-horned Viper
Sand Viper, Long-nosed Viper, (Horned Viper)
Vipera anatolica Anatolian Mountain Steppe Viper
Anatolian Karst Viper, Anatolian Viper
Vipera aspis Asp Viper
Aspic Viper, European Asp
Vipera barani North Anatolian Viper
(Baran's Adder)
Vipera berus Northern Eurasian Viper
Common European Viper, Northern Viper, Cross Adder, Adder
Vipera darevskii South Caucasian Viper
(Darevsky's Viper, Darevsky's Meadow Viper)
Vipera dinniki West Caucasian Viper
Caucasus Subalpine Viper, (Dinnik's Viper)
Vipera ebneri Iranian Mountain Steppe Viper
Iranian Steppe Viper
Vipera eriwanensis Armenian Mountain Steppe Viper
Armenian Steppe Viper, Southern Steppe Viper, Armenian Meadow Viper, Transcaucasian Meadow Viper
Vipera kaznakovi Caucasian Red Viper
Red Viper, (Caucasian Viper, Kaznakov's Viper)
Vipera latastei Snub-nosed Viper
(Lataste's Viper, Iberian Viper)
Vipera lotievi Caucasian Meadow Viper
(Lotiev's Meadow Viper, Lotiev's Viper)
Vipera magnifica Krasnodar Viper
Magnificent Viper, (West Caucasian Viper)
Vipera monticola Atlas Dwarf Viper
(Atlas Mountain Viper)
Vipera nikolskii Russian Black Viper
(Forest-steppe Viper, Nikolsky's Viper, Black Viper)
Vipera olguni Ardahan Mountain Viper
Vipera orlovi Mount Papai Viper
(Orlov's Viper)
Vipera pontica Pontic Adder
Black Sea Viper
Vipera renardi Eastern Steppe Viper
Vipera seoanei Northern Iberian Viper
Pyrenean Viper, Baskian Viper, Portuguese Viper, (Iberian Cross Adder, Iberian Viper)
Vipera ursinii Meadow and Karst Vipers
(Western Steppe Viper, Orsini's Viper)
Vipera ursinii graeca Greek Meadow Viper
Vipera ursinii macrops Balkan Karst Viper
Vipera ursinii moldavica Moldavian Meadow Viper
Vipera ursinii rakosiensis Danubian Meadow Viper
Vipera ursinii ursinii Italian Meadow Viper
Vipera ursinii wettsteini French Meadow Viper
French Karst Viper
Viridovipera Green Tree Pitvipers
Viridovipera gumprechti Phu Luang Green Tree Pitviper
(Gumprecht’s Green Pitviper)
Viridovipera medoensis Medo Green Tree Pitviper
Medo Pitviper, Motuo Bamboo Pitviper, Green Bamboo Leaf Pitviper
Viridovipera stejnegeri Chinese Green Tree Pitviper
Chinese Tree Pitviper, (Stejneger's Bamboo Pitviper, Stejneger's Pitviper, Bamboo Pitviper)
Viridovipera truongsonensis Truong Son Pitviper
Quang Binh Pitviper
Viridovipera vogeli Khao Yai Green Tree Pitviper
(Vogel’s Green Pitviper)
Viridovipera yunnanensis Yunnan Green Tree Pitviper
Yunnan Bamboo Pitviper, Yunnan Pitviper